Reducing the nausea of chemo
February 28, 2022
To reduce nausea/vomiting
- Avoid strong odors: Reduce exposure to cooking, perfume, and smoke. Keep the house well ventilated. Spend time outside.
- Wear loose-fitting clothing.
- Do not lie down until two hours after eating.
- Do quiet but enjoyable activities that distract the mind. For instance, talk with friends or watch movies.
- Address anxiety with relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and guided imagery.
Tips for eating and drinking
- Eat six to eight small meals rather than three large ones.
- Avoid foods that are smelly, fried, fatty, or sweet.
- Stick to mildly flavored, low-fiber foods: cream of wheat, pasta, potatoes without skins, yogurt, eggs, bananas, applesauce, jello. Perhaps bland cheeses or fish.
- Eat dried breads such as crackers, toast, or pretzels.
- Sip broth or pureed soups.
- Drink fluids between meals rather than with meals.
- Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and carbonated drinks.
- Concentrate on clear fluids (herbal tea, bouillon, or light juices such as apple juice). Avoid orange juice and other acidic fluids.
- Suck on ice chips or popsicles.
- Chew spearmint gum or drink spearmint tea.
Ask for antinausea medicine. In one study the addition of ¼ tsp. of dried ginger with the medication eliminated nausea by 40%.
Although nausea sometimes begins as soon as a chemo session starts, for most people it’s not until one to three hours later. Eating a light meal during this time frame may be wise. At least crackers and broth. Most nausea resolves within 24 hours. Some people experience nausea or vomiting the day before treatment. Or even when walking into the treatment building. Such “anticipatory nausea” is real and should be treated as seriously as nausea that occurs after chemo.
Is chemo part of your picture?
This cancer treatment can be grueling for the patient and for the family. As the Iowa City, Muscatine and Cedar Rapids experts in family caregiving, we at Iowa City Hospice can help you do your best to keep your loved one as comfortable as possible—and keep your own spirits up—as everyone waits, hoping for the chemo to do its job. Give us a call at 1-800-897-3052, toll-free.